Archive

Archive for April, 2012

Python-related videos indexed so you can find it

http://pyvideo.org/

Example: PyCon US 2012

Categories: python

Product of the elements in a list

April 14, 2012 1 comment

Design goal: should be just one line, without using explicit iteration over the list.

Sum of the elements:

```>>> li = [2,3,5]
>>> sum(li)
10
```

Product of the elements:

```>>> li = [2,3,5]
>>> from operator import mul
>>> reduce(mul, li)
30
```
Categories: python Tags: , ,

Digits of PI (Part 2)

On the Python mailing list I got some great answers on how to generate the digits of PI. Here I sum them up.

Solution 1
Tichodroma forwarded me to http://mail.python.org/pipermail/edu-sig/2006-July/006810.html.

Quote:

```Here's a generator I coded up based on a paper by Gibbons:
http://web.comlab.ox.ac.uk/oucl/work/jeremy.gibbons/publications/spigot.pdf

It's simple to code, but I think you have to read the paper to figure out what
it's doing. (I just translated some code, so I really can't tell you :-) In
the paper, this was done in a lazy functional language. I was mostly
interested to see how it would translate to a Python generator.

# pi.py -- imlementation of Gibbons' spigot algorithm for pi
#  John Zelle 4-5-06

def pi_digits():
"""generator for digits of pi"""
q,r,t,k,n,l = 1,0,1,1,3,3
while True:
if 4*q+r-t < n*t:
yield n
q,r,t,k,n,l = (10*q,10*(r-n*t),t,k,(10*(3*q+r))/t-10*n,l)
else:
q,r,t,k,n,l = (q*k,(2*q+r)*l,t*l,k+1,(q*(7*k+2)+r*l)/(t*l),l+2)

Here it is in action:

>>> import pi
>>> digits = pi.pidigits()
>>> for i in range(30): print digits.next(),
...
3 1 4 1 5 9 2 6 5 3 5 8 9 7 9 3 2 3 8 4 6 2 6 4 3 3 8 3 2 7
>>>

Since this uses long ints, it slows down considerably after a few thousand
digits. You might want to use psyco when generating really "deep" digits.

--John
```

It generates the digits of PI one after the other. It works well bit if you want lots of digits, it gets really slow.

Solution 2
E. Woiski suggested using the library SymPy.

```sudo apt-get install python-sympy
```
```>>> from sympy.mpmath import mp
>>> mp.dps = 1000   # number of digits
>>> +mp.pi    # str(mp.pi)
```

Very fast and simple. The only problem might be that you need to install sympy.

Solution 3 (update, 20121128)
One of my students called G. Szegedi came up with this solution:

```from bigfloat import precision
import bigfloat

str_pi = str(bigfloat.atan2(+0.0,-0.0,precision(1000)))
```

With the bigfloat package you can do high precision floating-point arithmetic.

Categories: python

Digits of PI (Part 1)

Problem
You want to work with the digits of PI. Why? For instance you want a new job (screenshot here if it got removed since then).

Solution
I like simple solutions. So instead of generating the digits, I simply fetched the data from the web. This is a fast, efficient, and painless approach of the problem :) Visit http://newton.ex.ac.uk/research/qsystems/collabs/pi/, where you can download several data files.

For the lazy pigs
I made a script that downloads the data, parses them, and returns the digits as a string. Here it is.

Usage (get the first 30 digits of PI after the dot):

```#!/usr/bin/env python

from jabbapylib.math import pi

def main():
digits = pi.get_digits_of(pi.PI3)    # get 10^3 = 1000 digits
print digits[:30]

if __name__ == "__main__":
main()
```

Output:

`141592653589793238462643383279`

jabbapylib is here

Categories: python Tags: ,

Quick Python Script Explanation for Programmers

April 11, 2012 1 comment

At http://coffeeghost.net/pybat/python_cheatsheet.png, I found the following cheat sheet:

Categories: python Tags:

Python Regular Expression Testing Tool

See http://www.pythonregex.com/. Cool stuff, it also generates source code. Happiness!

For a screenshot, click on the image on the right side.

Categories: python

Python’s strftime directives

Python’s strftime directives is a thing that I don’t always need, but when I do, I get frustrated finding it on the net. So here is a shortcut: http://strftime.org/.

I also copy/paste it here for future references:

```%a 	Locale’s abbreviated weekday name.
%A 	Locale’s full weekday name.
%b 	Locale’s abbreviated month name.
%B 	Locale’s full month name.
%c 	Locale’s appropriate date and time representation.
%d 	Day of the month as a decimal number [01,31].
%f 	Microsecond as a decimal number [0,999999], zero-padded on the left
%H 	Hour (24-hour clock) as a decimal number [00,23].
%I 	Hour (12-hour clock) as a decimal number [01,12].
%j 	Day of the year as a decimal number [001,366].
%m 	Month as a decimal number [01,12].
%M 	Minute as a decimal number [00,59].
%p 	Locale’s equivalent of either AM or PM.
%S 	Second as a decimal number [00,61].
%U 	Week number of the year (Sunday as the first day of the week) as a decimal number [00,53]. All days in a new year preceding the first Sunday are considered to be in week 0.
%w 	Weekday as a decimal number [0(Sunday),6].
%W 	Week number of the year (Monday as the first day of the week) as a decimal number [00,53]. All days in a new year preceding the first Monday are considered to be in week 0.
%x 	Locale’s appropriate date representation.
%X 	Locale’s appropriate time representation.
%y 	Year without century as a decimal number [00,99].
%Y 	Year with century as a decimal number.
%Z 	Time zone name (no characters if no time zone exists).
%% 	A literal '%' character.
</pre>%a 	Locale’s abbreviated weekday name.
%A 	Locale’s full weekday name.
%b 	Locale’s abbreviated month name.
%B 	Locale’s full month name.
%c 	Locale’s appropriate date and time representation.
%d 	Day of the month as a decimal number [01,31].
%f 	Microsecond as a decimal number [0,999999], zero-padded on the left
%H 	Hour (24-hour clock) as a decimal number [00,23].
%I 	Hour (12-hour clock) as a decimal number [01,12].
%j 	Day of the year as a decimal number [001,366].
%m 	Month as a decimal number [01,12].
%M 	Minute as a decimal number [00,59].
%p 	Locale’s equivalent of either AM or PM.
%S 	Second as a decimal number [00,61].
%U 	Week number of the year (Sunday as the first day of the week) as a decimal number [00,53]. All days in a new year preceding the first Sunday are considered to be in week 0.
%w 	Weekday as a decimal number [0(Sunday),6].
%W 	Week number of the year (Monday as the first day of the week) as a decimal number [00,53]. All days in a new year preceding the first Monday are considered to be in week 0.
%x 	Locale’s appropriate date representation.
%X 	Locale’s appropriate time representation.
%y 	Year without century as a decimal number [00,99].
%Y 	Year with century as a decimal number.
%Z 	Time zone name (no characters if no time zone exists).
%% 	A literal '%' character.
```
Categories: python Tags: , , ,