Posts Tagged ‘video’

How to create an executable file from a Python script?

February 10, 2019 Leave a comment

I made a sample project with explanation. You can find it here: .

I also made a YouTube video that explains everything step-by-step:

Update (20190212): this project of mine got included in PyCoder’s Weekly #355 under the title “PythonEXE: How to Create an Executable File From a Python Script?“.

Categories: python Tags: , , , ,

Download PyCon US 2012 videos in a multithreaded way

August 13, 2013 Leave a comment

Note: I wrote this script some time ago when I didn’t know about concurrent.futures. This script does the job nicely but it’s a bit verbose. With concurrent.futures it would be just a few lines.

With the following script you can download all the videos of PyCon US 2012:

#!/usr/bin/env python

Download PyCon US 2012 videos in a multithreaded way.
Requirement: youtube-dl script.

written by Jabba Laci, 2013 (

PyCon US 2012 videos:

1) download youtube-dl and put it somewhere in the PATH
2) create a subdirectory called "download"
3) launch this script

Total size of the videos is about 27.5 GB.
The download process can take several hours.
You can interrupt the downloading with "killall python".
If you re-launch the script, the downloading will resume.

Tested under Linux with Python 2.7.

import os
from Queue import Queue
from threading import Thread, Lock

TO_DIR = "download"

lock = Lock()
q = Queue()
threads = []

DATA = ["AeQxx4zXd5Q", "O8WXXtDUUOE", "ktLyuWoRHH8", "tKTW8Jd0BlQ", "A3Qe5wUbXzM",
"ZwBiQEHS4T8", "Rmg4-Ae1P1o", "9XlPKEessD8", "MIAKOMzRl1I", "q_i3CHNITQ4",
"3CSxYKbxfPU", "4bWC_VXffq4", "v7HH_CNIdXc", "ziz2lh-14i8", "dhUo_lpD7v0",
"WMUXMqYhQ-M", "qLXllxd4Z1c", "3FcAcE3Zq2Q", "U1Y5Uxn2Rcw", "x-JDra36m38",
"Me9SZohibPQ", "KUOoStyV7Zs", "Qh4Gkkgi1Mw", "Hx6VxszpvsY", "CFt6QrzavH0",
"AMMBYLB3qd0", "fVpvd7OX6PQ", "OceCWIqZt7I", "VuFW0PkNS74", "5jRLjGWWaHs",
"_CPNLY_Gf7s", "67l4czkKsz8", "FCiA6e44aOI", "uUEwEMMCZhE", "cY7pE7vX6MU",
"vP6j7VDpPrI", "QrITN6GZDu4", "euh9ZQi339o", "EBRMq2Ioxsc", "3BYN3ouwkRA",
"tCUdeLIj4hE", "Wk8zAr0R9zQ", "NUQMr5R3dlk", "twQKAoq2OPE", "dJJDndQrsSw",
"Q0Q9K93bK-4", "5YQrFiWa50M", "VMIj6eB9baY", "KOfB5WQb39g", "M5IPlMe83yI",
"2gha47uSk5c", "lJL2asANiyM", "YHXX3KuB23Q", "LddeJ06JoXE", "gpKMwPoldak",
"BoMQqW0lxVE", "NkUTLRZBWLM", "fekA2mRGTTE", "b7R3-_ViNxk", "nhr-YErfW8k",
"WZoeqnsY9AY", "Wh9a0obtQUQ", "ahM4GBZ-6qg", "399c-ycBvo4", "kdZuUIj4lMo",
"E09qigk_hnY", "nvkCqFLtcJI", "NIcijUt-HlE", "l_HBRhcgeuQ", "dX3DRdFKW_E",
"y_cXzaymXm0", "RBOScqRGHZA", "QPgqfnKG_T4", "fWONoZvTi80", "sgHbC6udIqc",
"1CjX385y3e4", "hnhN2_TpY8g", "GxyfYEe8MiQ", "wslWYg0CTkY", "54XwSUC8klI",
"6wZoBbE-rOo", "Zv26xHYlc8s", "N4zdWLuSbV0", "H841U6RhrDU", "bwwf_HbEJQM",
"qmgh14LUOjQ", "qTwvObrRGdY", "Ycvg0PCQ-sM", "ickNQcNXiS4", "C9K8DOe1zWw",
"47NSfuuuMfs", "3UHE-zD1r_M", "bTXert2uRco", "Bt2HStzaBzE", "z1RQMm37Xmw",
"LnVkLXRIbIg", "P5ad6NpjR3M", "hyzPYaAmVOc", "tYW52SLy_w0", "JOXwclgvXB0",
"188mXjwdkak", "9G6-GksU7Ko", "TmuEDxX1FDQ", "jXlR0Icvvh8", "vfYul2E56fo",
"cSbD5SKwak0", "bGWytn-Ff9E", "hvPYuqzTPIk", "RAxiiRPHS9k", "Mv3xgBQJPaE",
"jOu0D9ttCFI", "4-TwdBuTR1A", "yflKOoAohEk", "ANhTacigaf8", "vfPtGsSJldg",
"YdnBK5yO4zU", "26wgEsg9Mcc", "R9ITLdmfdLI", "KUpIFhNW89A", "OBbvj0WWT-g",
"9q8LTZSvpr8", "qbYYamU42Sw", "-Mx1JVTFOBY", "AZDWveIdqjY", "__s45TTXxps",
"QGfxLXoMpPk", "3dMq_3UUPxg", "9LVqBQcFmyw", "Adr_QuDZxuM", "YyEReiAYGlU",
"G-lGCC4KKok", "1VZfL9JVgFg", "n6145JSeqWc", "XGF3Qu4dUqk", "Xu5EhKVZdV8",
"o9pEzgHorH0", "miGolgp9xq8", "Xk6gQ6s2QjU", "tYk4_Nzl-Gg", "sdkAXM36C7M",
"L-fXOoxrt0M", "Iw9-GckD-gQ", "xHqlzuPq_qQ", "duc3jYgAaR0", "Zd5dfooZWG4",
"g0CankXpFZg", "ULdDuwf48kM", "P7SVi0YTIuE", "Pi9NpxAvYSs", "qgGqaBAEy3Q",
"bobeo5kFz1g", "w26x-z-BdWQ", "t_ziKY1ayCo", "Bs6-sai1fKE", "oZw8m_lyhvo",
"hp5ymCrD9yw", "2G5YTlheCbw", "SULKL7TMRsU", "Thd8yoBou7k", "52wxGESwQSA",

def read_urls():
    global q
    for yid in DATA:

class DownLoadThread(Thread):
    def __init__(self, thread_id):
        super(DownLoadThread, self).__init__()
        self.thread_id = thread_id

    def run(self):
        global q
        while not q.empty():
            url = q.get()
            cmd = "youtube-dl {url} -t -c 1>/dev/null".format(url=url)
            with lock:
                print "{tid}: START {cmd}".format(tid=self.thread_id, cmd=cmd)
                print "# queue size:", q.qsize()
            with lock:
                print "{tid}: STOP {cmd}".format(tid=self.thread_id, cmd=cmd)

def main():
    global threads
    for i in xrange(THREADS):
        t = DownLoadThread(i)

    for t in threads:

    for t in threads:

    print "# END"


if __name__ == "__main__":


Video tutorials at

August 13, 2011 Leave a comment

Marakana‘s raison d’être is to help people get better at what they do professionally. We accomplish this by organizing software training courses (both public and private) as well as publishing learning resources, sharing knowledge from industry leaders, providing a place to share useful tidbits and supporting the community. Our focus is open source software.”

Their Python videos are here.

Python video tutorials

March 16, 2011 Leave a comment
Categories: python Tags: ,

The News Television Project (HírTV)

October 18, 2010 Leave a comment

In this post I describe how to watch news on a Hungarian site. Although the video that we want to play is in Hungarian, you might get some ideas that you can use in a different project.

Project description

Currently I live abroad and sometimes I want to watch news in my mother tongue. So, the Hungarian News Television (HírTV) collects its news programs at . Here, a video has the following URL: , where YYYYMMDD is the date (for instance Instead of starting a web browser, visiting this page and clicking on a link, I want to launch the news video with a Python script.


When the script is executed, it may be possible that the news of the current day is not yet uploaded. So we need to verify if the URL exists. However, if we want to get a WMV file that doesn’t exist, the web server of HirTv will return an HTML page instead of indicating that the given URL is missing. So we will have to verify the Content-Type of the URLs. If it’s text/html => error, if it’s video/x-ms-wmv => OK.


#!/usr/bin/env python

import datetime
import urllib
import os

WMV  = 'video/x-ms-wmv'

base = ''
ext = '.wmv'

def get_content_type(url):
    d = urllib.urlopen(url)

def date_to_str(d):
    return "%d%02d%02d" % d

def prettify(d):
    return "%d-%02d-%02d" % d

def play_video(video_url):
    print "> " + video_url
    command = 'mplayer %s 1>/dev/null 2>&1' % video_url
    #command = 'vlc %s 1>/dev/null 2>&1' % video_url    # if you prefer VLC

today =[:3]
video_today = base + date_to_str(today) + ext
if get_content_type(video_today) == WMV:
    yesterday = ( - datetime.timedelta(days = 1)).timetuple()[:3]
    video_yesterday = base + date_to_str(yesterday) + ext

    print "The video for today (%s) is not available." % prettify(today)
    val = raw_input( "Do you want to watch the video of yesterday (%s) [y/n]? " % prettify(yesterday) )
    if val == "y":
        if get_content_type(video_yesterday) == WMV:
            print "Sorry. The video of yesterday (%s) is not available either." % prettify(yesterday)

First we determine the today’s date and using this information we create a URL for the video file. If it really exists (i.e. the Content-Type is correct), then we play it calling mplayer. If the Content-Type is incorrect, then the video of today was not yet uploaded. In this case we offer the user to play the video of yesterday.

Update (20101107): A bug in date_to_str() and prettify() was corrected. Months and days must be padded with 0s, i.e. 6 must become 06 for instance. VLC support is also added, it’s put in comment.

Categories: python Tags: , , , , ,

Play sound

September 26, 2010 1 comment

In Python, for playing sound there are several options (see However, under Ubuntu I didn’t have much success with portable solutions :( I got most luck with wx.Sound('sound.wav') which used to work for a while but then it stopped… So I’ve decided to just call mplayer to do the job.

#!/usr/bin/env python

import os

SOUND = 'Gong.wav'

command = 'mplayer %s 1>/dev/null 2>&1' % SOUND

Not too elegant but at least it works…


If you want to launch mplayer in the background without any verbosity, here is how to do that:

mplayer music.mp3 &>/dev/null </dev/null &

Update (20101016): I forgot to mention that with the help of mplayer, you can play videos too. Just pass an AVI instead of an MP3, for instance.

Categories: python Tags: , , , , ,