validate an IP address (either IPv4 or IPv6)

January 9, 2017 Leave a comment

You want to validate an IP address. However, it can be either IPv4 or IPv6.

Python 3 has a built-in module for this: ipaddress. Example:

>>> ipaddress.ip_address('')
>>> ipaddress.ip_address('2001:db8::')

If the IP is invalid, you get a ValueError exception.

Categories: python Tags: , , ,

Bash-Utils updated

January 9, 2017 Leave a comment

I have several projects on GitHub (link) but some of them are either abandoned or outdated. So I want to review and update all of them.

I started this process with Bash-Utils. The Python 2 codebase was moved entirely to Python 3. The old Python 2 source is tagged and available under the “release” link, but I won’t touch that anymore. Only the current version (Python 3) will be updated. The README file is converted to Markdown, and new scripts are also documented.

Today I added a script called “” that allows you to execute a bash command several times. Example:

$ rep 3 echo hello

It will execute “echo hello” three times.

Categories: python Tags: , ,

update all packages with pip in your virtual environment

January 5, 2017 Leave a comment

You want to update all installed packages in your virtual environment.


$ pip install pip-review
$ pip-review --local --interactive

Tip from here.

Categories: python Tags: ,

Type text to an application from a script

December 28, 2016 Leave a comment

Today I saw a nice motivational video: Girl does push ups for 100 days time lapse. Great, let’s do the same! I sit in front of my computer several hours a day, so some pushups won’t hurt :) But how to track the days?

I use Trello for some TODO lists, and it allows you to create a checklist. When you type a text and press Enter, a new checklist item is created. But typing “Day 1<Enter>”, “Day 2<Enter>”, … “Day 100<Enter>” is too much, I would die of boredom by the end… How to automate the input?

Under Linux there is a command called “xdotool” that (among others) lets you programmatically simulate keyboard input. “xdotool key D” will simulate pressing “D”, “xdotool key KP_Enter” is equivalent to pressing the Enter, etc.

Here is the script:

#!/usr/bin/env python3
# coding: utf-8

import os
from time import sleep


REPEAT = 100
WAIT = 0.3

def my_type(text):
    for c in text:
        if c == " ":
            key = "KP_Space"
        elif c == "\n":
            key = "KP_Enter"
            key = c
        cmd = "xdotool key {}".format(key)

def main():
    print("You have {} seconds to switch to the application...".format(PRE_WAIT))
    for i in range(1, REPEAT+1):
        text = "Day {}\n".format(i)
        print("#", text)


if __name__ == "__main__":

Create a checklist in Trello, start adding a new item, launch this script and switch back to Trello. The script will automatically create the items for the days.



In the screenshot the dates were added manually. As you can see, I could do 20 pushups the very first day. Not bad :)

Update (20170302)
If you want to figure out the key code of a key, then start “xev -event keyboard” and press the given key. For instance, if you want xdotool to press “á” for you, the command above will tell you that the key code of “á” is “aacute“, thus the command to generate “á” is “xdotool key aacute“.

To avoid the special key codes, here is another idea: copy the text to the clipboard (see the command xsel for instance), then paste it with xdotool key "shift+Insert".

Categories: python Tags: , , , ,

replace characters in a string

December 16, 2016 Leave a comment

You have a string, and you want to replace some characters to some other characters. The first thing that pops into mind is “replace”:

>>> s = "ebbe"
>>> s.replace('e', 'a')

But what if you need to replace 1s to 0s and 0s to 1s in “100”? The result, in this case, should be “011”.

A straightforward solution would be to use a “temporary variable”, in this case a third kind of character:

>>> s = "100"
>>> s.replace('1', 't').replace('0', '1').replace('t', '0')

A more elegant way is to use “translate”:

>>> s = "100"
>>> s.translate(str.maketrans('01', '10'))

More info here: .

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split a string into equal length substrings

December 16, 2016 Leave a comment

Having a string, split it up to equally long substrings. Example: “110010110100” -> “11”, “00”, “10”, “11”, “01”, “00”.


>>> s = "110010110100"
>>> [s[i:i+2] for i in range(0, len(s), 2)]
['11', '00', '10', '11', '01', '00']

I found it here.

Categories: python Tags: ,

pytumblr with Python 3 support

October 22, 2016 Leave a comment

I wanted to use the pytumblr library from Python 3 but this library is Python 2 only :( And the repo is quite abandoned. Someone asked Python 3 support more than a year ago and nothing happened.

As I had a large Python 3 project and I wanted to integrate Tumblr support in it, I decided to modify the library to support Python 3. The result is here: . I only needed to upload photos, so I worked on that part only. But with this version you can upload photos to Tumblr under Python 3.

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